AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI EKSTRAK ETANOL 96% KULIT PISANG RAJA (Musa paradisiaca L) TERHADAP Escherichia coli

  • Agnis Pondinekaria Aditama Akademi Farmasi Jember
Keywords: Musa paradisiaca L, Escherichia coli, antibacterial

Abstract

Banana peel is a material that can be used as a natural antibacterial because of
its secondary metabolites content. The present study aimed to evaluate
antibacterial activity of ethanol 96% extracted from banana (Musa paradisiaca L)
peel against Escherichia coli. Result of phytochemical screening indicated that
banana peel extract has alkaloid, flavonoid (tannin), and saponin compound that
can act as antibacterial. Banana peel extract showed antibacterial activity that
was proved by clear zone formed around disk paper. Sample of 64% extract
concentration had the largest inhibition zone (9.6 mm) compared to sample of
16% and 32% concentration, inhibition zone of which was 4.4 mm and 6.26
respectively. One Way Anova analysis showed that sample of 64% concentration
was significantly different from negative control, 16%, and 32% concentration.
Nevertheless, there was no significant difference between 16% and 32%
concentration.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anonim. 2009. Undang-undang No 36 Tentang kesehatan, Departemen
Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Jakarta.
Arifin, A.S. 2009. Tumbuhan obat Indonesia, ITB. Bandung.
Ayoola, G.A., Coker, H.A.B., Adesegun, S.A., Bello, A.A.A., Obaweya, K, and
Ezennia, E.C. 2008. Phytochemical Screening And Antioxidant Activities
Of Some Selected Medicinal Plants Used For Malaria Therapy In
Southwestern Nigeria. Tropical journal of pharmaceutical research.7. 3. 1019-1024.
Chabuck, Z.A.G., Al-charrakh, A.H., Hindi, N.K.K., and Hindi, S.K.K. 2013. Antimicrobial Effect of Aqueous Banana peel Extract. Research Gate. 1. 73-75.
Hermawan. A. 2007. Pengaruh Ekstrak Daun Sirih (Piper betle L) terhadap
Pertumbuhan Bakteri Staphylococcus aureus dan Escherichia coli dengan Metode Difusi Disk. Artikel ilmiah. Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan UNAIR
Surabaya.
Jawetz, E., Melnick, J.L., Adelberg, E.A. 2005. Mikrobiologi kedokteran, EGC. Jakarta.
Madigan, MT., Martinko, J.M., Dunlap, P.V., Clark, D.P. 2006. Brock biology of microorganisms. 12th, Pearson education, Inc. San Fransisco.
Ningsih, A.P. 2013. Uji Aktivitas Antibakteri Ekstrak Kental Tanaman Pisang Kepok Kuning (Musa paradisiaca Linn) terhadap Staphylococcus aureus dan Escherichia coli. Journal biologi Universitas Andalas. 2. 3. 207-213.
Pan, X. Chen, F. Wu, T. Tang, H. and Zhao, Z. 2009. The acid, bile tolerance and antimicrobial property of Lactobacilus acidophilus NIT. Journal Foodm control . 20 . 598-602.
Permatasari, A. 2008. Uji Fraksi dari Ekstrak Diklorometana Kulit Batang Buni (Antidesma bunies L. Les) dengan Metode BST. Skripsi. Fakultas Farmasi UNEJ.
Saraswati, F.N. 2015. Uji Aktivitas Antibakteri Ekstrak Etanol 96% Limbah Kulit Pisang Kepok (Musa balbisiana) terhadap Bakteri Penyebab Jerawat (Staphylococcus epidermis, Staphylococcus aureus, dan Propionibacterium
acne). Skripsi. Fakultas Kedokteran dan Ilmu Kesehatan UIN Syarif Hidayatullah. Jakarta.
Sulastrianah., Imran., Fitria, E.S. 2014. Uji Daya Hambat Daun Sirsak (Annona muricata L) dan Daun Sirih Merah (Piper betle L) Terhadap Pertumbuhan Bakteri Escherichis coli. Artikel ilmiah. Program Pendidikan Kedokteran
FK UHO Kendari Sulawesi Tenggara.
Yunita. 2015. Uji Daya Hambat Ekstrak Etanol Daun Beluntas (Pluchea indica L) Terhadap Bakteri Escherichia coli. Karya Tulis Ilmiah. Akademi Farmasi
Jember.
Published
2018-07-25